The Migraine sufferer knows too well the throbbing pain on one or both sides of the head, nausea, and vomiting that often accompany the pain and the sensitivity to light and sound. These migraine symptoms often get worse with any kind of physical activity, and they hinder a person from carrying out the normal daily routine.
An untreated migraine usually lasts about four to 72 hours. Migraines occur with varying frequency. For some sufferers, the migraine comes several times a month, while for other people they occur less frequently. No matter the timing, migraines are painfully disruptive and can cause a person to miss out on work, school, normal family life, or social activities.
For the person who suffers from migraines, it is not always apparent what “causes” a migraine to begin. However, there are certain “triggers” known to affect people with migraines. Here are some of those triggers:
Because foods can trigger some migraines, keeping a food diary can help a migraine sufferer determine whether certain foods are causing the migraine. If so, a person might be able to alleviate some of the migraines by avoiding the problem foods. The following foods are some that are known to be potential migraine triggers:
- Alcohol (especially red wine),
- Aged cheese,
- meats with nitrates (like bacon, salami, or cured meats),
- Baked goods,
- Dairy products,
- Peanut butter,
- Monosodium glutamate (MSG - common in some Asian foods), and processed or marinated foods.
Changes in hormones for women:
Because rises or dips in estrogen levels seem to trigger headaches, women often notice that migraines occur just before or during their monthly period. Other women notice increased migraines during pregnancy or menopause – other times when hormones are shifting.
Some migraine sufferers might notice a connection between their headaches and the stress level at home or at work. With increased stress comes the potential for more frequent migraines.
Smells, Sights, Sounds:
For some migraine sufferers, bright lights, sun glare, loud sounds, or unusual smells can provoke a migraine.
Waking and Sleeping:
Changes in sleep patterns can cause problems for the migraine sufferer. Skipping sleep, staying up later than usual or even sleeping later than usual can trigger migraines. It is important for the migraine sufferer to maintain a steady sleep pattern, even on weekends or holidays.
Some migraine sufferers will notice that a migraine occurs when there is a major shift in the weather accompanied by a sudden change in the barometric pressure.
Some medications can trigger migraines. If a migraine sufferer suspects this trigger, then a conversation with the doctor can help them sort out possible solutions. While migraines do not discriminate, some people are more likely to experience migraines than others.
- A person with a parent who has migraines is more likely to experience migraines too.
- A person under age 40 has a greater chance for migraines than an older person. According to the Mayo Clinic, migraines are most common in people between the ages of 30 and 39 years.
- A female is at greater risk for a migraine. According to the Mayo Clinic, women are three times more likely to experience migraines than men.
The migraine experts at Vitality Medical Center in Old Town Tustin, California understand your suffering pain. Not only can they treat your migraines to reduce the severity and frequency of your symptoms, but they can help prevent migraine from happening in the first place. This can be life changing for migraine and headache sufferers who are sick and tired of being dependent on medications that are damaging to the body. Schedule your first appointment, and enjoy living your life pain-free!